Introduction to IVF

“IVF” means In Vitro Fertilization is a technique which is originally known as “test-tube baby” technique. This technique was developed more than 35 years ago for the treatment of women who had damaged fallopian tubes, this problem remains an important reason for IVF treatment today.

IVF is a unique technique of fertilization wherein the women’s egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body in a glass dish called as Vitro. The complete process involves continuous monitoring of the women’s ovulatory process. The ovum is removed from the woman’s ovaries when the woman is ovulating. Then the ovum gets fertilized with the help of a sperm in a laboratory. The fertilized egg is then cultured for approximately two to six days in a growth medium with appropriate temperature and then it is transferred to the same woman’s uterus with an intention of establishing a successful pregnancy. However, this procedure is a natural conceiving procedure. But not every embryo implants to become a pregnancy. And this is the reason why surplus embryos are frozen. Therefore, subsequent transfers are tried if the first try fails. Freezing is an important part of almost every clinic.

However, this procedure is a natural conceiving procedure but not every embryo implants become a successful pregnancy. Thus, this is the reason why surplus embryos are frozen. Therefore, subsequent transfers are tried if the first try fails.


The cost incurred in the IVF treatment in India is comparatively lower than that of the USA and UK. In India, the laws related to pregnancy are also very relaxed which further gives some relaxation to patients to opt India as a destination for IVF treatment. In INDIA, Bangalore is the most preferred city for IVF and there are well-equipped IVF centre in Bangalore with advanced technology and very high success rate. You can find the best IVF clinic in Bangalore according to your preference and budget which is equipped with the state-of-the-art infrastructure and latest technology.

India has gained a lot of popularity around the globe for being one of the best destinations for medical tourism. It is a known fact that India has highly experienced doctors and world-class infrastructure to provide high-quality treatment at a nominal price. There are several places in India which are well-known for various treatments and you will find some of the best IVF Centre in Bangalore, Delhi, Mumbai and other such cities of India.

  • Availability of state of the art technology just as western countries
  • It is a low- cost option as compared to western countries.
  • There is much English-speaking medical staff to make communication much easier for international patients compared to getting treatments in countries like Thailand or Mexico
  • The presence of medical tour consultants to help international patients find the best hospitals and reputed medical experts in our country.
  • Advanced facilities that are similar that of other countries to make every patient treatment comfortable.
  • Use of specialized methods to treat infertility
  • Experienced doctors with world class facilities like western countries

Quick FACTS about IVF in INDIA:

  • First test tube baby in 1994
  • First IVF – ICSI baby in 1998
  • 250 surrogacy procedures till 2008
  • First blastocyst baby in Delhi in 1999
  • 600 egg donation till 2009
  • 500 pregnancies in post-menopausal females delivered till January 2009
  • 4000 ART babies till January 2009

IVF success rate:

In IVF treatment, the level of response of the ovaries varies greatly when women take the injectable FSH drugs for ovarian stimulation. This leads to the range of eggs being retrieved at the egg retrieval procedure. Before we have stimulated the woman with the FSH containing drugs, astral follicle counts are the best predictor of the response that the ovaries will give and the number of eggs that will be retrieved.

The main factors affecting IVF outcome include the following:

  • Success or failure of fertilization and cleavage in vitro
  • Individual body lifestyle and response
  • Age of the woman (and consequently her ovarian reserve)
  • Normalcy of the uterus and semen quality
  • Adequacy of the luteal phase after transfer
  • Number of embryones transferred and cryopreserved

In addition to these factors, the success rate increases with the increase in the number of IVF stimulation attempts, probably ranging to a maximum of three to four stimulation cycle.